PROFILE OF SAMAR
A. QUICK FACTS
1. General Information
Income Classification: First
No. of Component Municipalities: 24
No. of Component Cities: 2 (Catbalogan City and Calbayog City)
Total Land Area (has): 559,100
No. of Households: 135,355
Total Population: 733,377 (2010 Census)
No. of Barangays: 951
No. of Congressional Districts: 2
2. Ecosystem/Resource Endowment
Agricultural/lowland (for crops)
Agricultural/lowland (for non-food crops)
Agricultural/lowland (for poultry and livestock)
Coastal and Marine
3. LGU Income
Actual Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA): P440,601,360.00
Locally – Sourced: P8,425,770.00
4. Major Income Source
5. Major Industries
Integrated Mussel Industry
Mats and Rattan Craft
Smoked Fish or Tinapa Processing
Native Cheese Processing
Peanut and Pinato Processing
Fish Sailing and Drying
Mats and Bag Making
B. GENERAL FEATURES
1. Historical Background
Many names (Samal, Ibabao, Tandaya) were given to Samar Island prior to the coming of Spaniards in 1596. The name Samar was derived from the local dialect “samad”, meaning wound or cut, which aptly describes the rough physical features of the island that is rugged and deeply dissected by streams.
During the early days of Spanish occupation, Samar was under the jurisdiction of Cebu. In 1735, Samar and Leyte were united into one province with Carigara, Leyte as capital but were, again, separated in 1768.
The province of Samar lies southeast of Luzon. It is bounded on the north by Northern Samar, on the east by Eastern Samar, on the south by the Leyte Gulf, and on the west by the Samar Sea.
3. Land Use
Samar province has a total land area of 559,100 hectares of 5,591 square kilometres, classified into the following:
Alienable and Disposable Lands: 348,789 has.
Forest Lands: 210,311 has.
Forest Reserved: 12,744 has.
Timberland: 172,250 has.
National Park: 63 has.
Military Reservation: 840 has.
Watershed/Civil Reservation: 20,120 has.
Fishpond: 4,294 has.
The land of Samar province is almost 91.1% hilly or mountainous ranging from 200 to 800 high. Slopes are generally steep and bare of trees. Run-off rainwater on these slopes is substantial and can provoke flooding in lowland areas.
Topsoil is carried to the sea, creating hydrosols and enlarging mudflats and mangrove areas. The erosion of mountainous areas enlarges the coastal plains of Samar. The coastline is approximately 300 kilometers long, which boosts its rich fishing grounds and contribute much to our economy.
5. Political Subdivision
Republic Act 4221 of 1965 divided Samar island into three (3) provinces, namely: Northern Samar, Eastern Samar, and Western Samar (officially known as Samar). The province of Samar is composed of two congressional districts, to wit:
2. Calbayog City
6. San Jorge
7. Sta. Margarita
8. Sto. Niño
3. Catbalogan City
11. San Jose de Buan
12. San Sebastian
13. Sta. Rita
Table 1. Income Classification by City/Municipality
Municipality Class Municipality Class
1. Almagro Fifth 14. Paranas Second
2. Basey First 15. Pinabacdao Fourth
3. Calbayog City First 16. San Jorge Fourth
4. Calbiga Fourth 17. San Jose de Buan Fourth
5. Catbalogan City First 18. San Sebastian Sixth
6. Daram Third 19. Sta. Margarita Fourth
7. Gandara Second 20. Sta. Rita Fifth
8. Hinabangan Fourth 21. Sto. Niño Fifth
9. Jiabong Fifth 22. Tagapul-an Fifth
10. Marabut Fifth 23. Talalora Sixth
11. Matuguinao Fifth 24. Tarangnan Fourth
12. Motiong Fourth 25. Villareal Fifth
13. Pagsanghan Fifth 26. Zumarraga Fifth
6. Climate and Rainfall
The province’s climate is generally characterized by two pronounced seasons: dry during Months of May to October, and wet during November to March. The warmer months usually experienced from March to April at 35 degrees centigrade, while the lowest temperature can be felt in December at 19 degrees centigrade.
The 2010 Census of Population registered a total head count of 733,377, with 135,355 households. An increase of 92,253 or 14.39% was noted over that of the 2000 Census of Population. Of the 24 municipalities, Basey, (50,423) posted the highest population followed by Daram (41,322), and Sta. Rita (38,082). The municipality of Matuguinao is still the least populated with population of 6,746.
Table 1. Population by City/Municipality
City/Municipality Population 2010
Calbayog City 172,778
Catbalogan City 94,317
San Jorge 16,340
San Jose de Buan 6,563
San Sebastian 7,708
Sta. Margarita 24,850
Sta. Rita 38,082
Sto. Niño 13,504
LOCAL ELECTED OFFICIALS
A. Representatives: (As of May 11, 2010 Election)
1st District : Hon. Mel Senen S. Sarmiento
2nd District : Hon. Milagrosa T. Tan
B. Provincial Officials
Provincial Governor: Hon. Sharee Ann T. Tan
Vice-Governor: Hon. Stephen James T. Tan
Hon. Charlito L. Coñejos Hon. Eunice U. Babalcon
Hon. Noel G. Sermense Hon. Jimmy R. Dy
Hon. Renato P. Uy Hon. Arthur Vaughn M. Zosa
Hon. Jasper D. Sumagang. Hon. Luzviminda L. Nacario
Hon. Prudencio A. Dy, Jr. Hon. Juan C. Latorre, Jr.
C. Municipal Mayors
1. Almagro Kathleen S. Prudenciado
2. Calbayog City Ronald P. Aquino
3. Gandara Atonieto T. Cabueños
4. Matuguinao Melissa A. Dela Cruz
5. Pagsanghan Ruben T. Palma
6. San Jorge Nancy B. Grey
7. Sta. Margarita Alfredo B. Serrano, Jr.
8. Sto. Niño Lilia A. Coñejos
9. Tagapul-an Vicente M. Limpiado, Jr.
10. Tarangnan Emmelly D. Olaje
1. Basey Junjie Igmedio E. Ponferrada
2. Calbiga Melchor F. Nacario
3. Catbalogan City Coefredo T. Uy
4. Daram Lucia L. Astorga
5. Hinabangan Alejandro N. Abarratigue
6. Jiabong Jocelyn U. de Jesus
7. Marabut Percival A. Ortillo, Jr.
8. Motiong Francisco M. Langi, Sr.
9. Paranas Felix T. Babalcon, Sr.
10. Pinabacdao Mario L. Quijano
11. San Jose de Buan Ananias S. Rebato
12. San Sebastian Arnold B. Abalos
13. Sta. Rita Lisandro Kim G. Adolfo
14. Talalora Leonilo T. Costelo
15. Villareal Reynato R. Latorre
16. Zumarraga Myrna O. Tan
D. Municipal Vice – Mayors
1. Almagro Hazel M. Moreno
2. Calbayog City Rey James R. Uy
3. Gandara Eufemio S. Oliva
4. Matuguinao Salvador B. Floquencio
5. Pagsanghan Alicia U. Repol
6. San Jorge Marcelina D. Yu
7. Sta. Margarita Ponciano B. Alegria, Sr.
8. Sto. Niño Antonio D. Suson
9. Tagapul-an Nicanor M. Roxas
10. Tarangnan Danilo V. Tan
1. Basey Raul Sendic B. Bajas
2. Calbiga Rosemarie G. Rodriguez
3. Catbalogan City Art Sherwin L. Gabon
4. Daram Arthur Z. Losa
5. Hinabangan Sofia A. Pazon
6. Jiabong Editha L. Labini
7. Marabut Edwin T. Labado
8. Motiong Estela D. Dasmariñas
9. Paranas Yolanda T. Tan
10. Pinabacdao Danilo B. Cabornay
11. San Jose de Buan Joaquin R. Elizalde
12. San Sebastian Antero M. Gaviola, Jr.
13. Sta. Rita Gaudencio T. Espino, Jr.
14. Talalora Neil B. Labareño
15. Villareal Eddie T. Yu
16. Zumarraga Manuel I. Versoza II
Provincial Peace and Order Council
Chairman: Hon. Sharee Ann T. Tan
Vice Chairman: Hon. Stephen James T. Tan
Atty. Leopoldo C. Lluz
Gregorio D. Fiel, Jr.
Engr. Nestor L. Pastorangan
Elpidio E. Simon
PSSUPT. Eusebio Adamero Mejos
Nimfa B. Quirante
Luz D. Tacal
Anita T. Taran
Dr. Dulce J. Cernal
Atty. Ernesto Y. Macabare
Edito W. Cabiling, Sr.
Alvina A. Valles
Judy L. Batulan